CT scans (computer tomography/CAT) use X-rays along with a computer to create a detailed image of a portion inside the body including organs, blood vessels and bones. They are often used in cancer treatment to diagnose where metastasis are and to monitor progression of disease.
Breast screening in the form of a mammogram is provided to all women between the age of 50 and 71 every 3 years, as the likelihood of getting breast cancer increases with age. It has been debated recently in parliament, to bring the age of screening down, with the increased number of younger women being diagnosed, however the Government have not changed the age of screening.
An ultrasound scan is a diagnostic procedure that creates an image from a body part inside the body from high-frequency sound waves. Ultrasound scans don’t have any known risks like other imaging examinations as there is no exposure to radiation.
A diagnosis of secondary breast cancer often comes after severe chronic pain in the back or joints which is caused when the cancer has metastasised to other parts of the body and in particular to the bones. Your Oncologist is the person who would refer you for a bone scan.
A secondary breast cancer diagnosis often comes soon after a diagnosis for primary cancer. A cancer is considered metastatic (or secondary) when it spreads to a new part of the body.